Over the course of time, water, whether it is precipitation or the trash of adjacent towns, frequently accumulates in the hills and transforms into a deadly force. This water is funnelled into some kind of reservoir that was built in the vacuum far below the surface of the planet.
It becomes a force to be reckoned with over time as it fills up, and it causes problems not only in the region above or below it, but also for places through which it passes, wreaking havoc here and there in particular when it rushes out in speed. In other words, it becomes a force to be reckoned with. This imperceptible accumulation of water is generated inside the vacuum under the surface, where it waits to be discovered.
Because, in my opinion, a vacuum has developed underneath Joshimath, water is leaking out and seeking for somewhere to go to escape its confinement. The sole access point available is a tiny cutout in the roof that looks out over an opening in the road or a building. This damaging force, as it moves through an area, particularly damages the foundations of the buildings and other structures it encounters.
Additionally, it is important to note that in the past, the roots of plants were able to take up some of the water that was leaking through the ground. However, because so many trees have been cut down, the roots of the remaining trees are unable to provide this sort of suction, which contributes to the accumulation of water beneath the ground.
It would appear that in the case of Joshimath, water was gradually accumulating in a reservoir where it was assumed that water was being absorbed by the earth. On the other hand, it is now readily clear that water is escaping and causing havoc on roads, buildings, and any other holes that are there. It is possible to claim here that various committees issued warnings about specific problems in the region, but no action was taken to address these concerns, and the water likely continued to gather.
This water, which has accumulated over a long period of time for whatever causes, needs to be removed by either building enormous pipes or digging down tunnels so that the water may flow out and be dumped into a river so that it does not cause any extra damage. It necessitates prompt action, such as the diversion of water during floods, when water is gathered and then directed elsewhere to avoid catastrophe and obtain relief.
A long time ago, residents of Mussoorie were witnesses to events of this nature. At the time, there was a widespread concern that Dehradun would be inundated. At that time, it was ordered that water should not be thrown into the earth but rather should be pushed to flow via certain drains or pipes in order to reach open outlets or streams.
Because there was just a small amount of water that had accumulated, the situation was avoided. A tactic of this kind ought to be implemented in Joshimath as well.