India’s economic growth has surpassed that of the United Kingdom, making it the world’s fifth biggest economy. India’s growth is inevitable in the following years, thanks to its large pool of young people poised to enter the middle class and its thriving digital environment.
Evidence from SBI Research suggests that India may overtake Japan and become the third biggest economy by the end of this decade. Inflation has not skyrocketed in India despite the Covid epidemic and the Ukraine conflict, and the country has avoided the energy crises that have plagued nations like the United Kingdom. GoI’s resolution to not build up a huge budget deficit was correct despite the temptation to replicate the West’s excessive stimulus programmes.
More creative problem-solving is required for the development trajectory ahead. The biggest obstacle is getting enough individuals ready to participate in the country’s projected expansion. It’s not only about the macro reflected by GDP figures; the low GDP per capita and the ongoing Covid assistance programme offering free foodgrains for 80 crore people are indicators of poor individual productivity. It’s no minor achievement that millions of people have been pulled out of abject poverty due to this triumph. The next phase, however, will include modelling themselves after East Asian nations use industry to wean their populations off agriculture.
The average income for a farm family in India is about $1,500 per year, which contributes significantly to the country’s low GDP per capita of roughly $2,000. For decades, India has neglected sectors such as education, skill development, and health care. Even though Unesco’s Education 2030 Framework urges nations to allocate 4-6% of GDP to education, India’s total budget for education at the national and state levels in 2021-22 was just 3% of GDP.
Due to financial constraints, the freebies debate is timely. To put it simply, the state is essential to the survival of the poor. Instead of influencing people with populism, welfare policies should focus on initiatives that increase human capital. Transparent budgeting is necessary for this goal, especially in states where spending is reckless.
The Center must share the wealth by sending more tax money to the states and staying away from the cesspool approach to raising money. These snarls at the centre of the state reflect the private sector’s failure to provide enough jobs, forcing more people to rely on the government. More changes must be made to the economic system. Reform is necessary for national success, and all political factions should recognise this.