The Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) has ruled India’s government since 2014. But it has a number of obstacles that might undermine its power in the upcoming 2024 elections. As the political climate in India shifts, it’s worth looking at the factors that indicate the BJP might have a tough time winning the next election.
Recession and Joblessness in the Economy
Slowing growth rates and the COVID-19 outbreak have both been drags on India’s economy. In addition, an important metric, the unemployment rate, has been a source of worry. According to the National Sample Survey Office (NSSO), India’s jobless rate hit a 45-year high in 2020.
Anger in the Farming Community
Discontent in rural regions, which are key political battlegrounds, has expanded as a result of the BJP’s handling of the agricultural legislation and consequent demonstrations by farmers. In addition, Centre for the Study of Developing Societies (CSDS) research found that nearly three-quarters (75%) of farmers were unhappy with the government’s response to the agricultural crisis.
Conflicts in the community and the church
There have been more cases of religiously motivated violence and racial strife in recent years, prompting worries about the future of societal harmony. According to the National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB), the number of violent crimes motivated by religion rose by 30% in 2019 compared to 2018.
Issues with the Way COVID-19 Was Handled
The government’s response to the COVID-19 epidemic was criticised for failing to adequately address the public health catastrophe. In 2020, 68% of those polled by the Pew Research Centre said they didn’t think the government was doing enough to stop the epidemic.
Forming Coalitions and Coordinating the Opposition
The parties in opposition have been busy making coalitions and looking for methods to work together to counter the BJP’s dominance. Electoral outcomes in India are often determined by regional parties. There is hope for a unified front after opposition alliances won important state elections in recent years.
Problems with Data Surveillance and Privacy
Concerns about the abuse of personal data and privacy breaches have brought data privacy and surveillance to the fore. According to the Economist Intelligence Unit’s Democracy Index, citizens’ digital rights in India are the 51st best in the world out of 64 nations.
Urban Youth and Unhappiness
Younger voters and urban communities are voicing their concerns about unemployment, social issues, and the environment more often. In 2020, the CSDS projected, the young unemployment rate in India will have reached 22 percent.
The BJP is a big player in Indian politics, but it may face challenges in the 2024 elections. The BJP’s power relies on how well it handles challenges and addresses concerns. The party’s response and connection with people will decide the 2024 election outcome.